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Safari 18 — what internet options are usable throughout browsers?


Safari 18 beta was launched. And this shall be a packed launch. I adore it!

Sadly, Apple would not share total browser and baseline help of their launch notes. So, I assumed it could be good to do “a state of the online verify” and discover out which of those new internet options shall be protected to make use of quickly’ish.

This submit consists of fetched and up-to-date MDN compat knowledge. I will attempt to replace the submit when new options ship, however in case you discover outdated statements subsequent to the compatibility tables, please let me know.

Let’s go!

The Chrome people have been pushing JS-based view transitions for some time now and the brand new Safari will be part of the get together. What is the total help?

Are they protected to make use of? Sure!

In the event you can reside with older browsers and Firefox not displaying fancy transitions, you’ll be able to go all in as a result of function detection is a one-liner.


if (doc.startViewTransition) {  }

After transport container queries, the spec people invented a brand new syntax to have style-based container queries primarily based on customized properties.

@container model(--background: black) {
  h2, h3, p {
    colour: white;
  }
}

Fancy stuff. What is the help?

Are they protected to make use of? I do not suppose so.

After trying round, it appears that evidently function detection for @guidelines (@container, @media, and so on) continues to be being labored on.

If you wish to discover out extra about @rule function detection:

currentcolor and system colour key phrases in relative colour syntax

Safari 18 helps the relative colour syntax with currentColor. That is thrilling, however let’s again up a second. What is the relative colour syntax?

There’s a submit on this weblog about relative colour syntax in CSS. In brief — the brand new colour syntax means that you can destructure, alter and blend’n’match colour values in CSS. You should use customized properties, change colour areas, and construct total colour palettes proper in your CSS.

.one thing {
  --color: pink;
  
  background: hsl(from var(--color) h s calc(l - 20%));
}

What is the help?

Is it protected to make use of? Sorta, however probably not.

You may function detect the relative colour syntax, however then you could implement fallback colours. You will find yourself with a number of colour definitions and that is a foul deal. Possibly PostCSS and buddies can wrangle the syntax into colour definitions, however typically I would not use relative colours but.


@helps (colour: hsl(from white h s l)) {
  
}


@helps (background-color: oklch(from currentcolor calc(l * 4) c h)) {
  
}

Talking of the Safari 18 launch, having the ability to use currentcolor is nice, but it surely requires relative colours to work within the first place.

Creating your colour scales in CSS wants to attend a bit.

@starting-style and transition-behavior: allow-discrete permit us to transition the show property. Lastly! What is the state right here?

Are they protected to make use of? Sure.

Much like the JS view transitions, in case you’re okay with some customers not seeing an entry or exit animation, knock your self out!

Do you know that flexbox format can result in knowledge loss?

When your flex container is not sufficiently big, some components may very well be clipped. Not nice. The protected key phrase helps to keep away from these clippings, and if you wish to be taught extra about this downside, there’s one other submit on this weblog with some interactive demos.

Is it protected to make use of? Sure!

After I checked the final time, you can safely apply the protected key phrase, and pre-18 Safari acknowledged protected; it simply did not have any impact.

To parse a URL in JavaScript, you all the time needed to do a attempt/catch dance. Whereas it isn’t the worst, the good DX seems completely different.

URL.parse() helps out right here.


let url = null;
attempt {
  url = new URL(enter, base);
} catch(e) { }


const url = URL.parse(enter, base);

What is the help?

Is it protected to make use of? Sure, implement a URL.parse() polyfill and drop it as soon as cross-browser help is given.

And these are my highlights of this launch. I’ve by no means been a fan of screaming “Safari is the brand new IE” as a result of they’re definitely on the forefront of adopting new internet options. And it breaks my coronary heart to see Firefox typically missing behind the brand new’n’fancy.

However total, the webdev future is vibrant, buddies! And if you wish to keep knowledgeable, what to do.👇

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