Tuesday, July 23, 2024
HomeProgrammingThe Useful Depth of Docker and Docker Compose — SitePoint

The Useful Depth of Docker and Docker Compose — SitePoint


Introduction

Docker Compose permits customers to run and outline multi-container functions utilizing a single configuration file. It simplifies the method of establishing and managing a number of containers, making it simpler to develop, take a look at, and deploy functions.

On this article, you might be to create a Flask software with two containers, use Vultr Container Registry (VCR) to handle your functions’ Docker picture, and make the most of Docker Compose’s multi-container performance to handle a number of containers.

Creating an Instance Utility

To get began with creating an instance software, comply with these steps:

  1. Deploy a Vultr Compute occasion utilizing the Vultr Buyer Portal with Docker market software.
  2. Securely entry the server utilizing SSH as a non-root sudo person.
  3. Replace the server.
  4. Create a brand new mission listing and navigate into it.
  5. Create a brand new file named app.py.
  6. Add the next code.

    Save and exit the file.

    The above Flask code connects to a Redis Database and increments the counter each time the foundation URL is visited.

  7. Enable incoming connections to port 5000 and reload the firewall.
  8. Create a brand new file named necessities.txt.
  9. Add the next packages.

    Save and shut the file.

  10. Create one other listing contained in the flask-redis-example listing and navigate into it.
  11. Create a brand new file named types.css.
  12. Add the next code.

    Save and exit the file.

  13. Create one other listing contained in the flask-redis-example listing and navigate into it.
  14. Create a brand new file named index.html.
  15. Add the next code.

    Save and exit the file.

Utilizing the Vultr Container Registry

On this part, you might be to create a Vultr Container Registry, add your Docker picture to the registry, and arrange a Docker Compose file establishing companies for the Flask and the Redis database.

  1. Deploy a Vultr Container Registry
  2. Create a Docker manifest within the flask-redis-example listing.
  3. Add the next configuration.

    Save and exit the file.

  4. Construct the Docker picture.
  5. Log in to your Vultr Container Registry.

    Ensure to exchange <url>, <person>, and <password>, these particulars are supplied within the overview part of your Vultr Container Registry.

  6. Tag the Docker picture.
  7. Push the picture to the Vultr Container Registry.

    As soon as the Docker picture has been pushed, confirm the picture presence within the Repositories part in your Vultr Container Registry on the Vultr Dashboard.

  8. Create a brand new file named docker-compose.yaml.

    Save and exit the file.

    The above YAML configuration defines two companies internet and redis. The internet service builds the Flask app from the present listing (.) and maps port 5000 of the container to port 5000 of the host. It additionally specifies that the net service will depend on the Redis service. The Redis service makes use of the official Redis Docker picture from the Docker Hub.

  9. Construct the Docker compose file.

    After the construct course of is accomplished entry the Flask app on http://<server-ip>:5000. Strive refreshing the web site a number of instances and observe that the rely of the variety of instances the web page visited is growing.

Do extra with the Vultr Container Registry

Greatest Practices

  • Preserving the docker-compose.yaml file organized and properly documented.
  • Utilizing named volumes for persisting knowledge as an alternative of binding host directories.
  • Utilizing surroundings variables for delicate knowledge like passwords and API keys.
  • Utilizing Docker Compose’s built-in instructions like docker-compose up, docker-compose down, and docker-compose ps to handle containers.

Conclusion

On this article, you created a Flask software with two containers, used Vultr Container Registry to handle your functions’s Docker picture, and utilized Docker Compose’s multi-container performance to handle a number of containers.

It is a sponsored article by Vultr. Vultr is the world’s largest privately-held cloud computing platform. A favourite with builders, Vultr has served over 1.5 million prospects throughout 185 international locations with versatile, scalable, world Cloud Compute, Cloud GPU, Naked Metallic, and Cloud Storage options. Study extra about Vultr

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Recent Comments