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HomeJavaScriptOught to I Use Gatsby or Subsequent.js For My Subsequent Challenge?

Ought to I Use Gatsby or Subsequent.js For My Subsequent Challenge?

Builders are likely to get very enthusiastic about their instruments. And rightly so: with out the most effective instruments for the job at hand, we could not obtain our aims, make one thing superior, or construct a greater world.

React remains to be a significant participant by way of frontend growth. There’s at the moment a contest of kinds happening between the 2 React heavyweight frameworks Subsequent.js and Gatsby. Which one is healthier? Which must you be taught? Is Gatsby higher, or Subsequent.js, for constructing your subsequent mission?

At Webiny, we’re focused on offering builders a backend Headless CMS to go with your frontend, so it is of deep curiosity to us which instruments are widespread. Understanding which of them you are utilizing … even which of them you’re preferring, influences our product choices. We give it some thought once we discuss advertising. And we contemplate it once we’re planning what we construct into our open supply CMS.

So we determined to do a little bit of important excited about whether or not Subsequent.js or Gatsby is healthier. We got here up with these standards to match them in opposition to. Even so, we’ll go away it as much as you as to which one you are going to use!

Server Era and Configuration

Producing React code, or any JavaScript, when an utility is constructed, is a important metric in the case of frontend frameworks like Gatsby and Subsequent.js. However we do not assume it is velocity that is important. It is actually vital, but it surely’s a kind of metrics that the builders of those frameworks are conscious about, so they are going to verify they maintain making developments on this space.

What’s extra fascinating is what APIs you have got entry to on server era. Does the device make it simpler or harder to do what it is advisable to? That is what we’re assessing right here.

While Subsequent.js permits entry to customise headers, web page initialization, add rewrites and redirects with it is config file and customized _App.js element, Gatsby has a config file, a customized html.js doc (which has similarities to Subsequent.js). It additionally has information to instantly entry the server-rendered utility and the hydrated utility within the browser.

Gatsby actually has a greater diversity of configuration open to builders right here. However that will also be daunting or unnecessarily complicated for somebody who simply needs to construct with React but in addition have static era.

Additionally, generally it is not clear what the information are for. For instance, the gatsby-node.js file is not particularly for APIs that run within the server surroundings (which might be utilizing Node.js), as a substitute, that is the place the interior node transformation occurs, permitting you to create dynamic pages and customized GraphQL resolvers to your utility.

Admittedly, as soon as you recognize that, it is nice to have entry to all of those APIs to customise your information. However we’ll get to {that a} bit extra later.


Whether or not Gatsby or Subsequent.js documentation is nice or unhealthy appears extremely subjective. However generally documentation can inadvertently disguise issues builders have to know underneath generalizations or by unintentionally lacking issues out. Typically an API badly defined is worse than not having it documented in any respect.

Everyone knows this, which is why we checked out documentation as a marker on whether or not it’s best to select Subsequent.js or Gatsby to construct your subsequent mission.

While Subsequent.js documentation has a cleaner, targeted look, Gatsby’s is busier with a 3-column format. Although generally that is a very good factor. Builders in all probability will not get as misplaced contextually within the Gatsby docs as they could in Subsequent.js.

Gatsby's documentation site

We usually favor the darker code blocks and better distinction on the Subsequent.js web site. But it surely may very well be as a result of we’re simply getting previous and our eyes aren’t nearly as good as they was once.

The Next.js documentation site

Subsequent.js’ strengths come out clearly in it is targeted method in the direction of lower-level APIs such because the getStaticProps() and getServerSideProps() capabilities, and these are defined very nicely. However there are additionally some issues that aren’t talked about besides succinctly in an “unsupported options” part. This may be irritating once you discover out you’ve got constructed your utility to make use of a sure function, solely to comprehend it is not supported within the surroundings you meant to deploy to.


Each frameworks make the most of file-based routing. Subsequent.js and Gatsby have the flexibility to outline dynamic routes as nicely, however Gatsby does not clearly clarify how this works, maybe assuming you are solely on the lookout for this function in the event you’ve already used Subsequent.js.

What’s nice about Subsequent.js is the flexibility to create API Routes. This may very well be actually helpful in loads of conditions, particularly in case you have a sprawling REST API endpoint and desire a minimal set of knowledge returned from it, you could possibly therapeutic massage that information all the way down to solely the content material you want in your frontend. In actual fact, Subsequent.js has it is personal express-like server-side framework referred to as Micro.

This turns Subsequent.js into a really isomorphic utility, which is supposed to have elements server facet and on the consumer, working in tandem to supply a single utility.

However, Gatsby appears to maintain these issues clearly separated, even with their very own Gatsby Capabilities, the emphasis is on a separate backend that communicates with the hydrated frontend utility.

Do you want to combine these issues? Or maintain them separate? It relies upon barely on what sort of developer you’re, and what sort of mission you are constructing, as to which you may favor from this perspective.


Gatsby and Subsequent.js are two very totally different instruments with distinctive worth propositions: both low-level instruments to offer basic APIs and free builders from pointless tooling, or an ecosystem filled with plugins of various high quality, along with an information layer to sew your content material collectively.

As we mentioned initially, this is not a full roundup of all of their options. Possibly what you are constructing wants one thing extra particular like Astro, Nuxt or SvelteKit. We solely know what we have encountered when constructing our starters for Subsequent.js and Gatsby.

Oh we did not inform you? We have constructed 1-click deploy starters for Webiny headless CMS.

👉 1-click starter for Subsequent.js and Webiny Headless CMS on Vercel

👉 1-click starter for Gatsby and Webiny Headless CMS on Gatsby Cloud

Be sure you verify these out. Possibly it will assist you to make your thoughts up … must you use Gatsby or Subsequent.js? The selection is in the end yours.



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